Estonia – A United Nations Member


The Baltic country of Estonia became a member of the United Nations in 1991 after it declared independence from a crumbling Soviet Union. It became one of three Baltic states to go it alone, including Latvia and Lithuania.

The three countries joined up to become part of the international community, but an element of the accelerated applications was out of fear that the USSR might invade and force them back under Soviet rule.

This did not happen and eventually, the Baltic countries joined the European Union and NATO, both of which have close ties to the United Nations. The first representative to the UN Headquarters was Erns Jaakson.

Estonia has lived up to its obligations and takes the mandate of the United Nations very seriously. The Baltic nation has ratified and implemented most of the UN’s resolutions and conventions on terror into national law. In 2005, the country’s head of state also ratified the counter nuclear terrorism convention.

Estonian troops have also been deployed as peacekeepers, most notably in 1995 in Croatia when the whole Balkan region was waiting to go up in flames like a tinderbox. Troops were also sent to Bosnia, Lebanon and most recently Mali, to counter the threat of terrorist group Boko Haram. At the last count, there were 1,300 Estonian peacekeeper forces deployed around the globe.

Following its experience at the hands of the Soviet regime, independent Estonia places great importance on the upholding of human rights. This country has implemented all the major elements of United Nations resolutions on protecting basic and fundamental rights, in particular women and the child, which were often looked over under the Soviet dictatorship. Estonia is a very active member within the UN and continues to push forward with its plans for reform and world initiatives to improve quality of life.